Quick Answer: What Are The Most Common Special Educational Needs?

What are the types of special educational needs?

There are four types of Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEND), as defined by the Department for Education:Communication and interaction.Cognition and learning.Social, mental and emotional health.Sensory or physical..

What are 4 hidden disabilities?

List of SOME Invisible DisabilitiesADHD.Anosmia.Anxiety disorders.Allergies.Arachnoiditis.Asperger Syndrome.Asthma.Autism.More items…•

What are the top 10 disabilities?

Here are 10 of the most common conditions that are considered disabilities.Arthritis and other musculoskeletal problems. … Heart disease. … Lung or respiratory problems. … Mental illness, including depression. … Diabetes. … Stroke. … Cancer. … Nervous system disorders.More items…•

What do you call someone with special needs?

The preferred terms to use these days are “disability” and “disabled.” These words have replaced “handicap” and “handicapped.” It’s no longer OK to call someone “handicapped” (5), but it is acceptable to use “handicapped” in common phrases such as “handicapped parking.”

Is OCD a special educational need?

Although the law does not include OCD as a specific disability, children may be eligible to receive special education services through an “Other Health Impairment (OHI)” or “Emotional Disturbance (ED)” exception.

Is anxiety a special educational need?

Many children or young people suffer from anxiety. It can be entirely normal. However, anxiety can be a special educational need when it creates a barrier to a child or young person’s ability to engage in normal day-to-day activities. Anxiety can be issue-specific or present as a generalised anxiety disorder.

What are the most common disabilities in schools?

Common DisabilitiesAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)Learning Disabilities.Mobility Disabilities.Medical Disabilities.Psychiatric Disabilities.Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)Visual Impairments.Deaf and Hard of Hearing.More items…

What are the top 5 learning disabilities?

Here are five of the most common learning disabilities in classrooms today.Dyslexia. Dyslexia is perhaps the best known learning disability. … ADHD. Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder has affected more than 6.4 million children at some point. … Dyscalculia. … Dysgraphia. … Processing Deficits.

What are the 7 main types of learning disabilities?

Types of Learning DisabilitiesDyscalculia. A specific learning disability that affects a person’s ability to understand numbers and learn math facts.Dysgraphia. … Dyslexia. … Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities. … Oral / Written Language Disorder and Specific Reading Comprehension Deficit.

What are the signs of a learning disability?

What are some signs of learning disabilities?Problems reading and/or writing.Problems with math.Poor memory.Problems paying attention.Trouble following directions.Clumsiness.Trouble telling time.Problems staying organized.

What are the 4 areas of send?

The Four Broad Areas of SENDCommunication and interaction.Cognition and learning.Social, emotional and mental health difficulties.Sensory and/or physical needs.

What is the most common type of special needs?

Some of the most common special needs that young children are diagnosed with are: speech and/or language delays, Autism Spectrum Disorder, cognitive delays, social and emotional disorders, and learning differences/disabilities.

What disability is most common?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 22 percent of people in the United States – or roughly 53 million people – have a disability….Neurological disorders include:Epilepsy.Brain tumors.Cerebral palsy.Spinal cord disorders.Multiple sclerosis.Traumatic brain injury.

What is specific learning difficulty?

A specific learning difficulty (SpLD) is a difference or difficulty with some particular aspects of learning. The most common SpLDs are Dyslexia, Dyspraxia, Attention Deficit Disorder/ Attention Deficit (Hyperactivity) Disorder, Dyscalculia and Dysgraphia.

What is special learning disability?

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) defines a specific learning disability as “a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, …

Is it OK to say special needs?

The New Term for Special Needs It’s ok to say the word. … I’m not special, special needs, handicapable, differently abled or challenged. There’s nothing wrong with being a disabled person.

What’s a nice way to say mentally challenged?

Otherwise, the terms mental disability, intellectual disability and developmental disability are acceptable. See entry on mentally retarded/mentally disabled, intellectually disabled, developmentally disabled .

What can I say instead of special needs?

So, next time you hesitate to say “disabled,” consider why I wish these four alternate terms would kick the bucket:1) Challenged. … 2) Handicapable. … 3) Differently-abled. … 4) Special Needs.