What Are The Main Organs In The Body?

Who was the first human?

Homo habilisThe First Humans One of the earliest known humans is Homo habilis, or “handy man,” who lived about 2.4 million to 1.4 million years ago in Eastern and Southern Africa..

Which body part can only be found on humans?

Found only in humans, the hyoid bone is the only bone in the body that is not connected to any other, and is the foundation of speech. This horseshoe-shaped bone in the throat is situated between the chin and the thyroid cartilage.

What are the 12 organs of the body?

They are the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems.

What are the 5 most important organs in the human body?

The human body contains five organs that are considered vital for survival. They are the heart, brain, kidneys, liver, and lungs.

What are humans made of?

Almost 99% of the mass of the human body is made up of six elements: oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, calcium, and phosphorus. Only about 0.85% is composed of another five elements: potassium, sulfur, sodium, chlorine, and magnesium. All 11 are necessary for life.

What is the smallest organ?

What’s the smallest organ in the human body? You’ll find the pineal gland near the center of the brain, in a groove between the hemispheres. It’s not an organ like those in the abdominal cavity.

Which part is most important in human body?

The brain is arguably the most important organ in the human body. It controls and coordinates actions and reactions, allows us to think and feel, and enables us to have memories and feelings—all the things that make us human.

What organs can you live without?

Here are some of the “non-vital organs”.Spleen. This organ sits on the left side of the abdomen, towards the back under the ribs. … Stomach. … Reproductive organs. … Colon. … Gallbladder. … Appendix. … Kidneys.

Are teeth organs?

The tooth is an amazing sensory organ. The outside of the tooth, the enamel, is the hardest tissue in the human body. The enamel surrounds another layer of the tooth called the dentin. The tooth pulp lies in the middle of the tooth.

What are the major organs and their functions?

OrgansThe brain controls thoughts, memory and other organs.The heart pumps blood around the body.The lungs separate oxygen from the air and remove carbon dioxide from the blood.The stomach helps to digest food.The intestines absorb nutrients from food.The liver removes poisons from the blood.More items…

What is the biggest bone of human body?

Your femur, or thighbone, is the largest bone in your body. The head of your femur fits into your hip socket and the bottom end connects to your knee. The two bones beneath your knee that make up your shin are your tibia and fibula. Your upper and lower leg are connected by a hinge joint.

What are the 7 Major organs of the human body?

Some of the easily recognisable internal organs and their associated functions are:The brain. The brain is the control centre of the nervous system and is located within the skull. … The lungs. … The liver. … The bladder. … The kidneys. … The heart. … The stomach. … The intestines.

Is blood an organ?

Technically, blood is a transport liquid pumped by the heart (or an equivalent structure) to all parts of the body, after which it is returned to the heart to repeat the process. Blood is both a tissue and a fluid. It is a tissue because it is a collection of similar specialized cells that serve particular functions.

What organ is blood part of?

Major Organ SystemsSystemOrgans in the SystemMusculoskeletalMuscles Tendons and ligaments Bones JointsBloodRed blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets Plasma (the liquid part of blood) Bone marrow (where blood cells are produced) Spleen Thymus9 more rows

What is an organ of the body?

Organs are the body’s recognizable structures (for example, the heart, lungs, liver, eyes, and stomach) that perform specific functions. An organ is made of several types of tissue and therefore several types of cells.

What is your largest organ?

Skin is the human body’s largest organ. Body organs aren’t all internal like the brain or the heart. There’s one we wear on the outside. Skin is our largest organ—adults carry some 8 pounds (3.6 kilograms) and 22 square feet (2 square meters) of it.

What is the strongest muscle in the body?

The strongest muscle based on its weight is the masseter. With all muscles of the jaw working together it can close the teeth with a force as great as 55 pounds (25 kilograms) on the incisors or 200 pounds (90.7 kilograms) on the molars. The uterus sits in the lower pelvic region.

Is there gold in the human body?

Average human body has 0.2 milligrams of Gold. Human body has Gold! … An average person’s body weighing 70 kilograms would contain a total mass of 0.2 milligrams of gold. The trace amount of Gold if turned a solid cube of purified gold will make a cube of 0.22 millimeters in measurement.

Who made humans?

About 1.9 million years ago, Homo erectus evolved. This human ancestor not only walked fully upright, but had much larger brains than Homo habilis: nearly twice as large, on average. Homo erectus became the first direct human ancestor to leave Africa, and the first to display evidence of using fire.

What are the 78 organs in the human body?

Among these 78 organs, five organs are considered as vital for survival. These include the heart, brain, kidneys, liver and lungs….Types of Organs in a Human Body.Adrenal GlandsBladderHeartKidneysPancreasPharynxThymus GlandTongueTestesSeminal vesicles13 more columns

What is the main organ of immune system?

Primary lymphoid organs: These organs include the bone marrow and the thymus. They create special immune system cells called lymphocytes. Secondary lymphoid organs: These organs include the lymph nodes, the spleen, the tonsils and certain tissue in various mucous membrane layers in the body (for instance in the bowel).